1990c, 2000c, 2010c, 2015c. Legend: e-estimate, c-census, o-other, ..
* Unofficial, calculated population.
• Philippine Statistics Authority | Republic of the Philippines
• Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities. 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Archived
• Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. xlsx, Census of Population (2015), Ret. 2016-06-20
• 2016 Philippine Statistical Yearbook, ISSN-0118-1564 PDF, 50 Mb, Table 1.3
• Economic and Social Database, pids.gov.ph, actual population 2000, 2007, 2010, 2015
 City density map, generated by population.city using data provided to us by 1km.net website. Every circle is city with population over 5000. Link
Population density map generated by instructions from daysleeperrr on reddig. Link1
Used data source is the Gridded Population of the World (GPW), v3 online at the the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) at Columbia University. Link2
Additional urban land cover: Extracted from Global Land Cover Characteristics Data Base Version 2.0 and Binary MOD12Q1 data on shadedrelief.com. Link3