1986c, 1996c, 2006c, 2012e. Legend: e-estimate, c-census, o-other, ..
* Unofficial, calculated population.
• Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, Egypt
• Statistic Yearbook, populations 2004-2016 Governorates, 1990-2016 Egypt p. 6-12, ret. 2017-06-06
• Rand McNally Intenational Atlas 1994.
• UNdata - record view - City population by sex, city and city type Data.un.org. Ret. 2017-06-06
• Open data for Africa, Egypt census
• Huizinga. Internationaal aardrijkskundig woordenboek (1958)
• World Gazetteer - Egypt: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population Archived data. yr. 2012. Ret.2017-06-07
 City density map, generated by population.city using data provided to us by 1km.net website. Every circle is city with population over 5000. Link
Population density map generated by instructions from daysleeperrr on reddig. Link1
Used data source is the Gridded Population of the World (GPW), v3 online at the the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) at Columbia University. Link2
Additional urban land cover: Extracted from Global Land Cover Characteristics Data Base Version 2.0 and Binary MOD12Q1 data on shadedrelief.com. Link3